Reaching Your Kids To Deal With School Bullies
In order to help children deal with bullying, the parent must know what is going on and how serious it is. Is it social bullying or the physical kind? Next, what measures need to be taken to solve the problem appropriately? Help needed could be anything from being supportive to needing assistance from the school system or law enforcement authorities. The Helium, 9/9, (http://www.helium.com/items/1944212-preventing-bullying)
Bullying: Are Girls Meaner Than Boys?
Girls bully by spreading rumors and excluding one another from groups. Girls also tend to hold a grudge more than boys. Girls have determination to get back at someone more than boys do. As it turns out, boys may be more accepting of bullying. They tend to ignore it rather than let it bother them. MyFoxHouston, 9/8, (http://www.myfoxhouston.com/dpp/news/education/100908-bullying-are-girls-meaner-than-boys)
Poor Social Skills Link Bullies and Victims
Research shows that bullies and victims have many of the same childhood traits. Only a few factors will decide if they will be one or the other. Children who ended up as victims were more likely to internalize their problems and have low self-esteem, while bullies were more likely to externalize their problems through aggressive behaviors and have negative attitudes about other people. The Sydney Morning Herald, 9/8, (http://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/lifematters/poor-social-skills-link-bullies-and-victims-20100907-14znn.html)
Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
Program designer Dan Olweus’ definition of bullying says, “A person is bullied when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons, and he or she has difficulty defending himself or herself.” The program is designed and researched for students in elementary, middle, and junior high schools. Whitfields Schools, 9/8, (http://whitfieldschools.wordpress.com/2010/09/08/olweus-bullying-prevention-program/)
Target Range School Implements Program to Target Bullying
Target Range went through the first full year of a national anti-bullying campaign – one with which districts across the nation report good to excellent results. Last year, the school’s trustees approved funds for the district to buy the Olweus Bullying Prevention Program. Teachers, administrators, staff and even school board members went through the program’s training last winter; this year, the program is up and running at Target Range. The Missoulian, 9/8, (http://missoulian.com/news/local/article_d5deae08-bb07-11df-919c-001cc4c002e0.html)
Cyber bullying has increasingly become popular throughout the years with technology on the rise. Cyber bullying can be done by just one person who would be called a direct attack or by proxy, which means that many people gang up on one person. Cyber bullying attacks can be done through sources of media as text messaging, instant messaging, password theft, the creation of hate blogs, websites, sending degrading pictures through email/ cell phones, internet polling of the victim by voting they’re the ugliest person in their school, sending viruses and other codes to victim, interactive gaming, sending unwanted messages through email/ Instant messaging, and even impersonation.
Prejudice exists through different individual beliefs of people. For example, ethnocentrism is when people of a certain ethnic group believe that their ethnicity is superior to everyone else’s due to the fact that they identify with it. They exemplify this especially through their way of living and values. There is also cultural relativism where a group of people find that all ethnic groups have different beliefs and different values that they hold and they acknowledge that they are not all the same and encourage that it is ok to have a different mentality. These two concepts shape a lot of the prejudices in society.
People with disabilities suffer through prejudice as do people with race, ethnicity etc. Unfortunately, this prejudice is often conditional. For example sympathy is usually given to people with physical disabilities and some disabilities are focused on negatively more than others. Disabilities come in all forms; the disability to see, the disability to write with your left hand etc. But those disabilities are not as socially awkward as when you have a disability that doesn’t permit you to read quickly or are disabled from walking. The more rare it is the more attention it gets and we automatically label these people as disabled when in the end they end up doing the same things others do, just in a different manner.
Stereotypes are everywhere as we make assumptions of people based on experiences that a large mass agrees on preliminary. They are obviously not always right but they oftentimes can be and we are all guilty of having been stereotypical. Stereotypes do not only exist in people but through the business world as well. Researchers at the University of Chicago found that stereotypes are held within businesses as well, and by figuring out the way that they are projected, can help them attain more consumers looking at their specific website or product.
Although discrimination may not be as strongly demonstrated as it once was fifty years ago, it still plays a role in children’s lives today for minorities. Dr. Lee Pachter and his colleagues conducted a study with “23 scenarios in which [children] might perceive discrimination,” and it demonstrated that about 88 percent of the 9-18 year old children had at least one encounter through which racism occurred. The most common amongst them were racial remarks and being followed by security guards. The children encounter racism via different people in their lives whether it is through peers, at home, their community etc., which leads to repression of their emotions. A large correlation has been found with racism and discrimination amounting to self-esteem issues and depression.